wMinimally Invasive Spine Surgery – Anil Kesani MD
Dr. Anil Kumar Kesani explains that minimally invasive spinal surgery is superior to traditional open surgery in terms of reduced blood loss, post-operative pain and recovery.
Dr. Anil Kesani is a John Scales Prize-winning orthopedic surgeon affiliated with multiple hospitals in the area of North Richland Hills, Texas. As a surgeon working with SpineMD, Dr. Anil Kesani specializes in minimally invasive and motion-preserving interventions.
The key to enabling a surgeon to perform minimally invasive spine surgery is the equipment or tools that allow smaller incisions, less disruption of soft tissues and accurate localization of structures within the spine.
Several pieces of equipment and tools are critical to enable minimally invasive spine surgery as listed below.
Otherwise known as live X-ray imaging, is an essential part of minimally invasive spinal surgery. A fluoroscopic X-ray device provides images that help the surgeon see the procedure without the need for a large incision. Alternatively, in some instances computer assisted navigation can be used.
Tubular Retractors or Portals
Tubular retractors or portals are small instruments that gently move muscle tissue aside instead of cutting through it to allow the surgeon to access the spine. Surgical instruments can be inserted through the retractors to execute various parts of the spinal procedures.
Specialized Spinal Implants
Specialized spinal implants such as screws, cages, biomechanical devices and rods are often need in conjunction with the equipment above to enable a spine surgeon to perform minimally invasive spine surgery. Also, typically there are associated specialized minimally invasive instruments such as screwdrivers and implant inserters are required.
However, not every spinal procedures can be performed with minimally invasive techniques.